Security Guard License Virginia requires its prospective security guards applying for license to be at least 18, a high school graduate (or GED holder), pass a background check, complete classroom training, and successfully pass a drug test according to the BLS, www.bls.gov. Classroom training can be one or any number of classes in subjects such as property's legal, emergency protocols, and properly detaining suspected criminals.
The amount of training guards receive varies. Training requirements are higher for armed guards because their employers are legally responsible for any use of force. Armed guards receive formal training in areas such as weapons retention and laws covering the use of force.
Guards who carry weapons must be licensed by the appropriate government authority, and some receive further certification as special police officers, which allows them to make limited types of arrests while on duty. Armed guard positions have more stringent background checks and entry requirements than those of unarmed guards because of greater insurance liability risks. Compared to unarmed security guards, armed guards and special police typically enjoy higher earnings and benefits, greater job security, more advancement potential, and usually are given more training and responsibility